Tariq Adeeb

In July 2017, the National Green Tribunal issued a notification prohibiting the “manufacture, sale, storage, purchase and use” of nylon/synthetic thread which is used for flying kites, while directing all chief secretaries of States and UTs to enforce the order, after Supreme Court Advocate Tariq Adeeb spearheaded a PIL seeking a ban on the “Chinese manja,” claiming that it is “razor sharp” and has caused several deaths across the country as it is capable of cutting human flesh and that it is also illegal under the Environment Protection Act 1986. Adeeb was representing the petitioners Khalid Ashraf and Rani of UP, who lost their family members to the deadly Chinese manja. The PIL stated that the Chinese manja is not only injurious to human beings and birds, but is equally disastrous to the environment given its non-biodegradable nature.

Adeeb said “[i]t was really painful when I saw a pair of pigeons become victims of the deadly kite thread made of nylon in a tree opposite my bedroom lobby. Later, I saw a parrot was hanging at the same place. But I really lost my patience when I come to know about the death of two children, one in my home town in Moradabad and the other one in Bareilly (U. P.), after their throats were slit by the manja. Thereafter other cases of fatal casualties were also reported from Delhi and other states of the country.”

He decided to fight for justice and said he will try his level best to ban this deadly manja in larger public interest. “I started my war against manja from the Delhi High Court in the matter of Zulfiquar Husain vs GNCT of Delhi where the High Court directed the State government to frame guidelines and the Delhi government issued a notification banning Chinese manja. This order strengthened Adeeb’s resolve to take up the case nationwide and he filed a case in the Supreme Court regarding the blanket ban on this manja,” he said.

He fought the case free of cost on behalf of the petitioners. The Manja Association has challenged the ban saying that it will impact the Rs 500 crore industry, while the People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals wanted a complete ban on all forms of manja, including the cotton thread. The NGT dismissed PeTA’s petition.

However, despite the NGT directive, Chinese manja continues to be sold rampantly. Adeeb said he plans to file a contempt petition in various States to ensure that the ban is implemented. Adeeb is hopeful that people will one day become sensitive to this issue and there could be a change in the way people think about the environment. Polyamide threads are not biodegradable and remain on electric lines, transformers and public utility gadgets. They also clog drains and the soil. Birds are the biggest victims of Chinese manja.

Statistics: A five year old boy was killed in Moradabad (U.P) when his throat was slit by the synthetic manja while he was on ride on a bike with his father.
A five year old girl becomes the victim of the manja in Jaipur (Rajasthan) when her throat was slit.
An engineer was killed in Bareilly (U.P) when the nylon manja slashed his throat.
Two boys died in Allahabad and Bareilly (U.P) after the manja entangled around their throats.
Similarly there were reports of eight deaths from Ahmadabad (Gujarat) one of which was a four year old girl whose throat was slit with this nylon synthetic thread.

"Thank you so much for your mail. Well it is a pleasure that I have been selected for the prestigious award.

It was a long battle for justice. It was really painful when I saw a pair of pigeon became the victim of the deadly kite thread made of nylon in a tree opposite my bedroom lobby thereafter sometime I saw a parrot was hanging at the same place. But I really loose my patience when I come to know about the killing of two children one in my home town in Moradabad and the other one in Bareilly (U. P.) due to this cause. Thereafter other cases of fatel casualties were also reported from Delhi and other states of the country.

It was this point when I decided to fight for them for justice and will try my lable best to ban this deadly manja in larger public interest. Hence strategically I started my war against the deadly thread from Delhi High Court in the matter of Zulfiquar Husain vs GNCT of Delhi where the High Court directed to frame guidelines and Delhi State issued Notification regarding the ban on Chinese Manja. This order has strengthened me and took the cause all India and filed a case in Supreme Court regarding the blanket ban on this Manja.

Taking the cause of two children death in Moradabad and Bareilly by this thread I filed a PIL titled as Khalid Ashraf and Another V UOI and Others in Supreme Court when the SC appreciated the cause but due to certain technicalities reffered the matter to top enviornmenal court NGT where big lawyers of Supreme Court opposed me and stood in favor of nylon Manja manufacturing company. After long legal battle in NGT and with God grace as I represented the truth the NGT allowed each and every prayer of my petition by banning the nylon Manja across the country.

This order was challenged in Supreme Court but the top court rejected the appeal and upheld the order passed by the NGT giving finality to landmark order.

But still the implementation is zero and I am prepared to fight another battle in form of contempt petition at various levels for its proper implementation.

About my back ground I started my legal career as a Human Rights lawyer and activist and worked with famous Human Right Lawyer of country Mr. Colin Gonsalves in the initial stage. I did number of good case of national importance like Haj subsidy abolition case, Commonwealth workers case, Drug pricing matter and number of case involving attacks on minorities like Muzaffarnagar violence case, Forbesgunj firing case, case on violence by cow vigilant groups, Dhule violence and violence case against the churches.

I am a human rights lawyer and activist and is determined to work for the cause at any stage of my life.

I am once again thankful for acknowledging my work by considering me for this award."

Regards,
Tariq Adeeb